Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a metabolic condition that can lead to several complications, ranging from infertility to cancer of the endometrium. But first let us understand what it is.
In every menstrual cycle, follicles develop in the ovaries. Eggs advance inside those follicles, one of which will achieve development faster than the others and will be discharged into the fallopian tubes. This is called the “ovulation” phase. The remaining follicles will degenerate. If one has polycystic ovaries, their size is bigger than usual, and there is a collection of undeveloped follicles that show up in clusters which look like a bunch of grapes (on ultrasound). Polycystic ovaries are not particularly troublesome and may not even influence your fertility.
But when the ovarian pimples create a hormonal irregularity, it leads to PCOS. So, one can have polycystic ovaries without having PCOS. But, almost all women with PCOS will have polycystic ovaries. Most women with PCOS grow many small cysts on their ovaries. That is why it is called polycystic ovary syndrome. The cysts are not harmful but lead to hormone imbalances.
What are hormones?
Hormones are chemical messengers that trigger many different processes, including growth and energy production. Often, the job of one hormone is to signal the release of another hormone.
For reasons that are not well understood, in PCOS the hormones get out of balance. One hormone change triggers another, which changes another. For example:
- The sex hormones get out of balance. Normally, the ovaries make a tiny amount of male sex hormones (androgens). In PCOS, they start making slightly more androgens. This may cause you to stop ovulating, get acne, and grow extra facial and body hair.
- The body may have a problem using insulin, called insulin resistance. When the body doesn’t use insulin well, blood sugar levels go up. Over time, this increases your chance of getting diabetes.
These are the basics about the condition:
“Syndrome” essentially implies a set of symptoms that happen together, in a pattern.
“Polycystic” implies an aggregation of not entirely advanced follicles (pimples) in the ovaries.
PCOS refers to a health issue, where there may be numerous blisters in the ovaries, joined by a notable pattern of symptoms.
Ayurvedic Treatment for PCOS in Pune:
Here at SMV Ayurveda Research Center which is based in Pune our aim is to provide best treatment to resolve polycystic ovaries conditions with help of specialized Ayurvedic Infertility treatments of Ayurveda. Here Basic research for the treatment of polycystic ovarian disease (PCOS) is carried out since last 12 years by Vaidya Vinesh Nagare who is Gynaecologist.